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陈维荣,黄锐森,陈隆,罗一鸣.电动汽车电池技术发展综述[J].电源学报,2018,16(6):166-178
电动汽车电池技术发展综述
Review of Development of Battery Technology for Electric Vehicles
投稿时间:2017-01-20  修订日期:2018-02-20
DOI:10.13234/j.issn.2095-2805.2018.6.166
中文关键词:  电动汽车  比能  能量密度  比功率
英文关键词:electric vehicle(EV)  specific energy  energy density  specific power
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
陈维荣 西南交通大学电气工程学院, 成都 610031  
黄锐森 西南交通大学电气工程学院, 成都 610031 ruisen.huang@my.swjtu.edu.cn 
陈隆 粤海铁路有限责任公司, 海口 570125  
罗一鸣 西南交通大学电气工程学院, 成都 610031  
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中文摘要:
      电池技术是纯电动、混合动力汽车技术的核心,其结果的好坏直接影响着电动汽车的续航能力、加速能力、负载能力、极端环境适应能力以及安全性、稳定性、高效性与使用寿命。重点介绍了一次性电池与蓄电池在电动汽车(含混合动力)产业化过程中关键技术的研究现状。遵循电池技术发展时间顺序,对铅酸电池、镍电池、锂电池技术以及它们在电动汽车上的最新应用进行了总结;额外讨论了氯化镍高能电池、锌空电池等新型电池技术的成果与应用;最后指出各电池技术尚存的问题与其发展方向。
英文摘要:
      Battery technology serves as the core of pure and hybrid electric vehicle(EV) technologies, and it exerts a direct influence on the performances of EVs, for instance, distance per charge, acceleration, loading capacity, adaptability in extreme environment, security, stability, high efficiency, and service life. In this paper, the status quo of the key technologies of non-rechargeable and storage batteries in the industrialization process of EVs(including hybrid EVs) are mainly introduced. Based on the development timeline of battery technology, the technologies of lead-acid, nickel, and lithium batteries, together with their latest applications in EVs, are summarized. Additionally, the achievements and applications of novel battery technologies, e.g., sodium-nickel chloride and zinc-air batteries, are also summarized. Finally, the existing problems and development trend of various battery technologies are pointed out.
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