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张志文,范威,刘军,周滔,石建可.偏远山区风光水储互补发电系统容量优化配置[J].电源学报,2018,16(5):138-146
偏远山区风光水储互补发电系统容量优化配置
Optimal Capacity Configuration of Wind-solar-water-battery Complementary Power Generation System in Remote Mountainous Areas
投稿时间:2016-10-05  修订日期:2018-03-11
DOI:10.13234/j.issn.2095-2805.2018.5.138
中文关键词:  风光水储  互补发电系统  HOMER仿真软件  容量优化配置  经济性
英文关键词:wind-solar-water-battery  complementary power generation system  simulation software HOMER  optimal capacity configuration  economic efficiency
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(51477046);湖南省战略性新兴产业科技攻关资助项目(2014GK1037);国家电网公司重大科技专项资助项目(5216A014007V)
作者单位E-mail
张志文 国家电能变换与控制工程技术研究中心(湖南大学), 长沙 410082  
范威 国家电能变换与控制工程技术研究中心(湖南大学), 长沙 410082 fanweifw163@163.com 
刘军 国家电能变换与控制工程技术研究中心(湖南大学), 长沙 410082  
周滔 国家电能变换与控制工程技术研究中心(湖南大学), 长沙 410082  
石建可 国家电能变换与控制工程技术研究中心(湖南大学), 长沙 410082  
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中文摘要:
      贵州省现有众多小水电仅靠汛期发电,全年不能经济高效运行。针对该问题,结合该省丰富的太阳能资源和风能资源优势,在现有小水电基础上加入风力发电和光伏发电,并配置蓄电池储能部件,构建风光水储互补发电系统。基于HOMER仿真软件研究发电系统在离网模式和并网模式下的最优容量优化配置方案,并探究系统联合发电的成本和经济性。研究结果表明:发展离网型风光水储互补发电系统投资成本高,回收期长,但若以满足偏远山区用电需求为目的,此互补系统仍具有必要性和可行性;发展基于小水电的并网型互补发电系统,由于不需考虑蓄电池其投资成本大大降低,具有较好的经济性。
英文摘要:
      A large number of small hydropower stations in Guizhou Province can only generate electricity in the flood season, so they cannot be economically or efficiently operated throughout the whole year. Aiming at this problem, with the combination of abundant resources of solar and wind energies in this province, wind and photovoltaic(PV) power generations are added on the basis of the existing small hydropower stations; in addition, battery storage parts are configured, thus a wind-solar-water-battery complementary power generation system is built. Based on a simulation software HOMER, the optimal capacity configuration scheme for the power generation system in off- and on-grid modes are studied, and the cost and economic efficiency of the combined generation system are explored. Research results show that the development of the off-grid wind-solar-water-battery complementary power generation system has a high inves-tment cost and a long payback period; however, if we try to meet the demand for electricity in remote mountainous areas, this complementary system is still necessary and feasible; because of no need of batteries, the investment cost of the on-grid complementary power generation system based on small hydropower stations is greatly reduced, so the corresponding economic efficiency of its development is relatively higher.
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